7 Card Stud Rules and Game Play Explained
Even before the advent of community games such as Omaha and Texas Hold’em, the only card game which was considered pure poker game was 7 Card Stud. Even today most of the serious poker players opt for this game rather than opting a much simpler types of poker games. The reason behind this attraction for 7 Card Stud poker can be attributed to the fact that this game needs much more attention and gaming prowess as compared to the other community games including Gin and Bridge.
Most of the players have their own reasons for opting other variants of poker but it is still better to have some knowledge about the game play of 7 Card Stud. This game is played by using normal deck of cards and can be played by two to eight players. The game play involves winning as many chips as you can while playing for one pot at a time.
Betting Rules & Game Play of 7 Card Stud
Betting Rules: 7 Card can have three different types of betting structure but the most common one is the Fixed Limit. The other two betting structures are
- Spread Limit
- Pot Limit
In this article we will deal with the fixed limit 7 Card Stud.
Game Play: Albeit 7 Card Stud comes with quite a lot of small rules and quirks but the game play mostly remains the same as that of Texas Hold’em. The whole game play can be divided into four sections which are
- Set Up
- The Bring
- Betting Rounds
Set Up: 7 Card Stud requires a combination of different type of bets, so one should opt for those chips which can be used for small bet, big bet as well as ante. The size of the game can be determined by the size of the bets. Usually in most of the games, a big bet is double the size of the small bet and ante is set up at ten percent of the big bet. Once all the players have their chips, any one of them can start shuffling the cards. Once the shuffling is complete, all of the players pay antes.
Starting from the left, the dealer deals each one of the player with three cards which are two hole cards and one face up card.
The Bring: The player with the lowest face up card is required to “Bring it in”. The player in this position can opt for one of the two options which are
- Making a bet equal to the size of the Ante
- Complete the bet with the amount designated as small bet.
Betting Round One: The first betting round is also known as “Third Street”. The betting starts with the player sitting left to the player with the Bring. This player has three options which include
- Fold: To surrender the hand without making any bet.
- Call: To make a bet with the same amount as that of Bring.
- Raise: To make a bet either with an amount equal to small bet limit or bet with double the amount of the small bet.
After the completion of betting by the second player, the remaining players go through the same motions in a clockwise pattern. A Betting round ends up when all the players have had their chances to act and to make the appropriate bets.
Betting Round Two: The dealer starts dealing cards to the remaining players starting from the first one from his left side. One face up card is dealt to each player and another betting round commences. It starts with that player who has the highest value of the show cards. The ranking of show cards is same as that of the poker hands. Again each player is provided with options of
- Bet or Raise
Betting ends when all of the players except to the ones who had folded have contributed the same amount of money in the pot.
Betting Round Three: All the remaining players from the second round are dealt with another face up card in a clockwise move by the dealer. Betting starts to take place just like in the second betting round, by starting with the player with the best show cards. The only difference here is that the players bet using the big betting limit.
Betting Round Four: This round is just like the third betting round. Each remaining player is dealt with one face up card. The player with the highest show cards starts the betting. This betting round requires bets equal to the big betting limit.
The Final Betting Round: In the final betting round, each remaining player is dealt with one hole card. The player with the highest ranking show cards in the previous betting round starts the betting. The final betting also requires bets equal to big betting limit.
Showdown: Once the betting is complete, the remaining players enter the showdown. During showdown each player is required to make a best five card hand out of the seven cards. A winner is declared by comparing the hands of the players and evaluating it by the ranking order. The hand strength in the descending ranking order is listed as
- Royal Flush
- Straight Flush
- Four of a Kind
- Full House
- Three of a Kind
- Two Pair
- One Pair
- High Card