Before the advent of different types of poker variants which we have today, there was only one classic form of poker. As far as has the history of Poker is concerned there are many views regarding its origin. The only thing which seems feasible is that Poker may have evolved in the last ten centuries from different types of card and domino games. The central motive of these games was to make a bluff or deceive the other participants. The one thing which is quite sure and relates to the history of poker is the fact that this game came into existence after first deck of card appeared in thirteenth century.
There are recorded historical evidences which clearly indicate that card games existed in the thirteenth century. The most prominent one is the documents from a Swiss monk. In his memoirs he had mentioned a card game being played by using a deck of fifty two cards. He even recorded that the value of cards ranged from one to ten. So going by this substantiation we can say that poker may have evolved in the late thirteenth or in the beginning of the fourteenth century.
Chinese Impact on History of Poker
The proponents of poker being a Chinese game usually believe that this game was first played in year 969 A.D. According to them this game was first played between a Chinese emperor and his wife on a new year’s eve. The only thing which does not meet with this theory is the fact that Chinese deck of card at that time did not have fifty two cards. There is no doubt that Chinese invented playing cards and they were playing card games in the late ninth century but they invented poker seems to be very far fetched.
Egyptian Impact on History of Poker
Egyptian gentry of twelfth and thirteenth century were known to play card games. So does the Persians in the sixteenth century. Persians used 96 card deck to play what they call “Ganjifa” which was a sort of betting game. They were also known to play a game called “As Nas” which was played by using 25 cards. This game like poker also used several rounds of betting and hand rankings.
French and German Connection with History of Poker
French and German people were playing games like Poque and Pochen respectively in seventeenth century. The most interesting thing is that these two games were derived from a Spanish card game known as “Primero”! This game involved dealing of three cards to each player and game play consisted of bluffing and betting, the two salient features of modern day poker. French modernized this game to “Poque” and it became their national card game. The French pioneers when reached the shores of America they shared this game with the local population thus sowing the seeds of the modern day’s poker variants.
There can be many other claims to the origin of poker and its history but one thing is sure that popularity of this game is touching new heights with each passing year. With the availability of wealth of information on internet there is now a growing trend of people learning and participating in this game. With online casinos and poker sites players can now indulge in their favorite poker variant at any time of the day or night without getting out from the safety of their own home.